Beijing National Stadium (Bird’s Nest)
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Construction||12.2003 – 06.2008|
|Record attendance||91 000 (the opening of the Olympic Games, 08.08.2008)|
|Cost||423 mln $|
|Design||Herzog & de Meuron, Arup Sport, China Architectural Design & Research Group|
Beijing National Stadium – stadium description
International design competition was launched almost immediately afer Beijing has been selected as host city for 2008 Olympics. World's leading architects sent their ideas for the 100,000-seater stadium with retractable roof. A shortlist of 13 was created and of those the best were Herzog and de Meuron from Switzerland, along with partners from Arup Sport and Chinese CADG.
Their concept was based on putting the whole roof and facade structures outside, without decorative cladding. Why? Because the structure itself was the decoration – giant steel bows put together in a dynamic fashion resemlbed a bird's nest. And just as a nest the structure seems chaotic while at the same time being very strong. It consists of 4 segments that are almost identical and together create the huge steel ring weighing a massive 27,000 tons of steel. Because cost of steel started growing rapidly, organizers resigned from constructiing a retractable roof that was originally supposed to be hidden underneath the „nest”.
Cutting costs was also visible in the stands, which were reduced to 91,000 seats for Olympic Games and 80,000 permanent seating. The bowl remaind divided into three large rings encircling the pitch with an athletics track. Even though costs were cut, the price tag is still very high. Stadium that was feared to end up above $500 mln was built for $423 mln.
Though started in December 2003, works lasted for a long 4,5 years of labour. Last elements were installed in Spring and Summer 2008, weeks before the Olympics. As it turned out later, the fight against time earned the ground some flaws like paint falling of just two years after opening.
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Beijing is the first city in history to host both the summer and winter Olympics. On Friday, China's National Stadium held its second ever opening ceremony!
New design: They call it the second “bird's nest”
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Switzerland: Famous architect wants to build one stadium in each country
Jacques Herzog already has amazing stadia in Basel, Munich and Beijing in his portfolio. He claims designing more in these countries makes no sense and he aims at Spain or England. Also, this explains why he didn’t want to design the new Zurich stadium despite being in favor of it.
Earth Hour: These stadiums will black out tonight
At 20:30 local time, landmarks all over the world will lose their nighttime lighting for one hour. The aim is to raise awareness and make people rethink when they need electricity and when they just use it as a habit. Stadia are among buildings going to black out.
Beijing: Bird's Nest still empty
Numbers are falling dramatically as Chinese tourists aren't that interested any more. Some even cannot afford it. While plans for large events are few and far between, NPR.org reports.
China: Spanish super cup to be played in Beijing from now on?
Chinese promoters have an unusual idea for Olympic Stadium's legacy. They plan to host Spanish super cup at the venue from 2013 on. Spanish football federation already signed a preliminary deal estimated to give them some €40m – EPA reveals.