Tottenham Hotspur Stadium
|265+265 (Disabled seats)|
|Clubs||Tottenham Hotspur FC|
|Inauguration||03/04/2019 (Tottenham - Crystal Palace, 2-0)|
|Construction||2015 - 01/03/2019|
|Cost||£1 billion (entire project)|
|Structural Engineer||Buro Happold|
|Address||782 High Rd, Tottenham, London N17 0BX, United Kingdom|
Tottenham Hotspur Stadium – stadium description
Tottenham had played host at the site beside High Road since 1899, when the first iteration of White Hart Lane opened. The stadium, designed in part by the famous Archibald Leitch, saw crowds of over 70,000 at its peak. But the 1990s brought reforms that forced capacity to fall drastically, quite understandable for a stadium sitting on just 2.4 hectares.
At the same time Tottenham was looking north in order to secure land adjacent to the stadium and build something bigger. The plan was first announced in 2007, by 2009 planning application for a new 56,000-seat stadium was filed, designed by KSS Group. The stadium would be part of the Northumberland Redevelopment Project, a major revitalisation scheme for the district. The stadium would mostly be built north of White Hart Lane, allowing transition during construction, while it would be completed after WHL is demolished. However, Tottenham didn't even commit to the scheme entirely until their other option of moving to London Stadium failed.
But that wasn't the only factor impeding progress. The club faced an uphill struggle with final landowners north of WHL, which only ended in March of 2015, seeing the last company forcibly selling land. That long wait was used to amend plans significantly, with the club appointing Populous as new designers. New brief included capacity of 60,000 and a venue capable of also hosting NFL football.
As it turned out, that resulted in a playing field unlike anything we've seen. Not only does it retract, it retracts in three pieces and has a second playing field (synthetic, for NFL and concerts) hidden 1.6m below. The field moves in three massive trays, each weighing over 3,000 tons. Because of scarce space, the field doesn't leave the stadium entirely, it hides under the south stand and its front plaza. That's why it had to be divided into long strips: to enable erection of support columns for the stand.
The hybrid main field rests in its garage only as long as necessary, returning back within as little as 25 minutes from initiation. Once it travels all the distance, two side segments attach to the central one, creating a seamless field. Eventually this system should support full season of both Premier League and NFL, should London land a franchise. One more stunning feature is the grow light system which relies on six 70-meter trusses hovering above the field without touching it at all.
The stadium's outer form stands out from the district's skyline, reaching 48 meters. Eventually the effect should be diminished with high-rise planned beside the ground. Although the 250-meter long venue will still be clearly visible. While not ideally symmetrical, the oval stadium has its axis of symmetry running from the north to the south, only with minor irregularities in facade cladding.
There are three dominant materials used in the stadium's outer shell, both the facades and roof. First it's metal (4,801 perforated steel-aluminium panels cover the facade, 27,654m2 in total), glass (genereous glazing ensuring sunlight access to vast atria and single 7,000m2 span in the south) and concrete (largely prefab architectural concrete at the basis of the ground). The perforated panels, some of which are tilted from the facade, create a dynamic shape, covering much of the regular glazing. By day the stadium is metallic, neutral. By night it comes alive with dynamic lighting.
From the very beginning the seating bowl was announced as very compact, robust. It was even considered a go at Arsenal, whose stadium was criticised for distance between fans and the field. At Tottenham the closes seat is 4.99m away from the field (south stand, grows to 7.97m on other sides). At the steepest point the stands reach 35 degrees, as much as permitted. The vast south stand received the title of England's second largest single tiered end with 17,500 seats, just behind West Ham's east side.
The seating layout decisively turns all eyes on the south, however it's actually the north stand that is the tallest, reaching 35.5m. However, with other sides being between 33-34m, visually the auditorium seems to reach the same height. Both stands along the sides are divided into four tiers, of which two middle ones are premium seating only, while the bottom tier is partly dedicated to most affluent visitors. In total the stadium offers over 8,000 premium seats and 70 private boxes of different standards.
Even though the stands may seem symmetrical, each has a different structure underneath. In all cases its primarily based on steel (16,700 tons of structure steel was used) but main columns vary, mainly being Y-shaped. By far the most spectacular columns are the two 'trees' under the south end. Each of the two trees (standing exactly between segments of the resting field) weighs 275 tons and and becomes a major aesthetic element, not just a piece of engineering. But even smaller columns, invisible to fans, can weigh as much as 200 tons each.
Along with progress of construction, the amount of steel used was increasing due to replacement of reinforced concrete by steel prefabs in order to speed up the process. But there was one area in which some steel was actually saved. The roof structure was initially planned as regular truss structure, later replaced by tensile cable structure, which reduced the wieght by 600 tons. Similar to that of Volgograd, the new structure consists of 54 upper and 54 lower radial cables measuring approximately 42m and 38m long respectively. Two inner rings of the roof are connected by 'flying columns' that also support floodlighting for the field.
Instead of traditional membrane, the roof is made up of 287 glass roof sections and 810 roof cassettes consisting of metal and acoustic panels facing the bowl, and a metallic finish polymer membrane facing the sky. The roof has some 30,000 m2 (part of it is bonded glass selected over polycarbonate) and was designed partly with a boost of atmosphere in mind. In the north a row of boxes was installed under the roof, while in the south the roof is topped with a 4.5-meter cockerel sculpture and equipped with a skywalk, letting tourists to look inside the ground from above.
The stadium ended up holding over 62,000 already in its first year, which is almost twice the size of White Hart Lane (36,000). In terms of footprint the stadium also is roughly twice the size of its predecessor (43,000 compared to 24,000 m2). But in terms of floor space it's four times the size, reaching 120,000 m2, spread across 9 levels. It's thus no wonder that over 60 catering points were fitted inside, including the longest bar in Europe (65m) or another bar with its own microbrewery. And that's just a piece of what regular fans have on offer, the hospitality areas are a story of their own...
Construction of a stadium that large had to take long, as if the prolonged waiting wasn't enough to test Spurs fans' patience. Enabling works on the northern part were launched back in 2014, sped up in 2015 as the compulsory purchase order for last landowners came. Inauguration was then expected in early fall of 2018, some 3 years of first major works. That deadline was missed a few times, however, seeing opening only in April of 2019. It also didn't go perfectly in terms of budget. Initially expected to cost some £400, the stadium saw final price tag possibly double (reaching some £1 billion with secondary facilities), however Spurs never revealed the detailed price tag for the stadium alone.
How Tottenham Hotspur Stadium compares to other Premier League venues?
UEFA: Official announcement of EURO 2028 and EURO 2032 hosts
UEFA has officially announced that the UK and Ireland will host the European Football Championships in 2028, while Italy and Turkey will co-host the event in 2032.
UK: Tottenham's quest for stadium naming rights continues
As Tottenham Hotspur's monumental stadium remains unnamed, fans and stakeholders alike grow increasingly curious. With other global stadiums securing lucrative naming rights deals, the question remains: When will Spurs finalize their naming partner?
England: Which Premier League 2022/23 stadium is the cleanest, and where is the dirtiest?
Several venues of the popular top six teams’ have been selected for the top five cleanest stadiums, so one representative from the Premier League's biggest clubs is missing among them. Which one? And which stadiums are filthy in England?
England: We know the host of the 2024 European rugby finals
European Professional Club Rugby – the organiser of the European club cup competition – has announced which stadium will host the final weekend next year. The chosen venue will receive this unique honour for the first time.
Technology: Modern stadiums, modern solutions
Times when photos could not be taken at stadiums and published are long gone. Football arenas are becoming temples of sport and entertainment, accessed not only on the pitch. What does it mean these days to build a new world-class stadium in terms of technology?
EURO 2028: Great Britain and Ireland announce list of stadiums
The most important football tournaments are fast approaching, and with them comes discussion about the future hosts of both the World Cup and the European Championships. The front runners in the race to host EURO 2028 are Great Britain and Ireland.
London: Tottenham's stadium has made record profits
Tottenham Hotspur's new stadium opened in April 2019, but it wasn't until the 2021/2022 season that it was possible to play all matches with the stands fully open. Of course, this translated into record profits for the club.
Euro 2028: Tottenham could bury the British Isles' candidacy?
Bookmakers are sure that England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Ireland will be announced as hosts of UEFA Euro 2028 in April 2023. However, it turns out that there might be an unexpected twist. Tottenham Hotspur turns out to be the guilty party in all of this.
England: Stadium rises will affect Premier League clubs
The value of almost all 20 stadiums owned by teams playing in the Premier League has recently increased. As a result, clubs will face multi-million pound tax increases involving their infrastructure.
United Kingdom: Is football coming home at the Euros?
At a time when most of the chatter is about the World Cup, plans for the next major football events are being clarified. Great Britain and Ireland announced their joint candidacy for hosting Euro 2028 some time ago. A shortlist of stadiums being considered by the federations was also recently announced.
London: Tottenham Hotspur Stadium to change its name?!
One of the most modern football venues in the world may soon be known by a new name. Tottenham Hotspur F.C. are seriously thinking about selling the naming rights to their stadium, and according to The Athletic, the IT giant, Google, is rumoured to be interested in such a deal!
Canada: Surrey stadium will be the “biggest in Canada”
The city of Surrey lies within the Vancouver metropolitan area. Overshadowed by its neighbour, few who have no direct ties with the city have even heard of what is essentially a bedroom community for Vancouver. But all that is set to change if Surrey Mayor Doug McCallum’s plans for a new stadium come to fruition.
England: Meet the 2022/23 Premier League stadiums!
Much to the delight of fans, the new English Premier League season will kick off on Friday, August 5. On this occasion, we would like to introduce you to the stadiums where the footballers of the world's best league will soon be playing. Get your English tea in hand and let's get started!
England: More standing areas in stadiums next season?!
All Premier League and Championship clubs will be eligible to apply to operate licensed safe standing areas starting from the next season, the English government has recently announced. This marks the departure from a 30-year-old rule requiring seated-only stadiums.
An Engineering Marvel: Tottenham Stadium Moves the Entire Pitch
As we are all well aware, football stadiums have greatly evolved over the years. Today, it’s not uncommon for a stadium to be retrofitted to host something other than a football match. However, people rarely stop and wonder as to how people behind the retrofitting do this. Do you just cover the grass pitch and put up different decorations or something?
England: Is Tottenham Hotspur Stadium A Future Super Bowl Site?
Football, known as American football outside of North America, is gaining ground internationally. The NFL has increased its international outreach efforts, seeking to bring America's beloved sport to the international community.
USA: NFL knocks on German stadiums’ gates
Following the success of the NFL’s International Series in London and Mexico, the league expressed their interest to host more games in Europe. The first talks with three German cities to host regular-season games were taken.
England: Safe standing trials in Premier League and Championship
There has been talk for some time about introducing safe standing in the two highest leagues in the country. In 2019, the government assured about the imminent change of the regulations, but these were not introduced until 2 years later.
London: Tottenham receives further recognition from RIBA
After the recent regional awards, now the new Spurs stadium was acknowledged with the 2021 RIBA National Award, extending the long list of distinctions received since opening.
Technology: 5G revolution offers unique stadium possibilities
The implementation of 5G in stadiums seems promising for everyone in charge of commercial streams and fan engagement matters. Following examples of stadium 5G look impressive, while new ones are added every day.