Tottenham Hotspur Stadium
|265+265 (Disabled seats)|
|Clubs||Tottenham Hotspur FC|
|Inauguration||03/04/2019 (Tottenham - Crystal Palace, 2-0)|
|Construction||2015 - 01/03/2019|
|Cost||£1 billion (entire project)|
|Structural Engineer||Buro Happold|
|Address||782 High Rd, Tottenham, London N17 0BX, United Kingdom|
Description: Tottenham Hotspur Stadium
Tottenham had played host at the site beside High Road since 1899, when the first iteration of White Hart Lane opened. The stadium, designed in part by the famous Archibald Leitch, saw crowds of over 70,000 at its peak. But the 1990s brought reforms that forced capacity to fall drastically, quite understandable for a stadium sitting on just 2.4 hectares.
At the same time Tottenham was looking north in order to secure land adjacent to the stadium and build something bigger. The plan was first announced in 2007, by 2009 planning application for a new 56,000-seat stadium was filed, designed by KSS Group. The stadium would be part of the Northumberland Redevelopment Project, a major revitalisation scheme for the district. The stadium would mostly be built north of White Hart Lane, allowing transition during construction, while it would be completed after WHL is demolished. However, Tottenham didn't even commit to the scheme entirely until their other option of moving to London Stadium failed.
But that wasn't the only factor impeding progress. The club faced an uphill struggle with final landowners north of WHL, which only ended in March of 2015, seeing the last company forcibly selling land. That long wait was used to amend plans significantly, with the club appointing Populous as new designers. New brief included capacity of 60,000 and a venue capable of also hosting NFL football.
As it turned out, that resulted in a playing field unlike anything we've seen. Not only does it retract, it retracts in three pieces and has a second playing field (synthetic, for NFL and concerts) hidden 1.6m below. The field moves in three massive trays, each weighing over 3,000 tons. Because of scarce space, the field doesn't leave the stadium entirely, it hides under the south stand and its front plaza. That's why it had to be divided into long strips: to enable erection of support columns for the stand.
The hybrid main field rests in its garage only as long as necessary, returning back within as little as 25 minutes from initiation. Once it travels all the distance, two side segments attach to the central one, creating a seamless field. Eventually this system should support full season of both Premier League and NFL, should London land a franchise. One more stunning feature is the grow light system which relies on six 70-meter trusses hovering above the field without touching it at all.
The stadium's outer form stands out from the district's skyline, reaching 48 meters. Eventually the effect should be diminished with high-rise planned beside the ground. Although the 250-meter long venue will still be clearly visible. While not ideally symmetrical, the oval stadium has its axis of symmetry running from the north to the south, only with minor irregularities in facade cladding.
There are three dominant materials used in the stadium's outer shell, both the facades and roof. First it's metal (4,801 perforated steel-aluminium panels cover the facade, 27,654m2 in total), glass (genereous glazing ensuring sunlight access to vast atria and single 7,000m2 span in the south) and concrete (largely prefab architectural concrete at the basis of the ground). The perforated panels, some of which are tilted from the facade, create a dynamic shape, covering much of the regular glazing. By day the stadium is metallic, neutral. By night it comes alive with dynamic lighting.
From the very beginning the seating bowl was announced as very compact, robust. It was even considered a go at Arsenal, whose stadium was criticised for distance between fans and the field. At Tottenham the closes seat is 4.99m away from the field (south stand, grows to 7.97m on other sides). At the steepest point the stands reach 35 degrees, as much as permitted. The vast south stand received the title of England's second largest single tiered end with 17,500 seats, just behind West Ham's east side.
The seating layout decisively turns all eyes on the south, however it's actually the north stand that is the tallest, reaching 35.5m. However, with other sides being between 33-34m, visually the auditorium seems to reach the same height. Both stands along the sides are divided into four tiers, of which two middle ones are premium seating only, while the bottom tier is partly dedicated to most affluent visitors. In total the stadium offers over 8,000 premium seats and 70 private boxes of different standards.
Even though the stands may seem symmetrical, each has a different structure underneath. In all cases its primarily based on steel (16,700 tons of structure steel was used) but main columns vary, mainly being Y-shaped. By far the most spectacular columns are the two 'trees' under the south end. Each of the two trees (standing exactly between segments of the resting field) weighs 275 tons and and becomes a major aesthetic element, not just a piece of engineering. But even smaller columns, invisible to fans, can weigh as much as 200 tons each.
Along with progress of construction, the amount of steel used was increasing due to replacement of reinforced concrete by steel prefabs in order to speed up the process. But there was one area in which some steel was actually saved. The roof structure was initially planned as regular truss structure, later replaced by tensile cable structure, which reduced the wieght by 600 tons. Similar to that of Volgograd, the new structure consists of 54 upper and 54 lower radial cables measuring approximately 42m and 38m long respectively. Two inner rings of the roof are connected by 'flying columns' that also support floodlighting for the field.
Instead of traditional membrane, the roof is made up of 287 glass roof sections and 810 roof cassettes consisting of metal and acoustic panels facing the bowl, and a metallic finish polymer membrane facing the sky. The roof has some 30,000 m2 (part of it is bonded glass selected over polycarbonate) and was designed partly with a boost of atmosphere in mind. In the north a row of boxes was installed under the roof, while in the south the roof is topped with a 4.5-meter cockerel sculpture and equipped with a skywalk, letting tourists to look inside the ground from above.
The stadium ended up holding over 62,000 already in its first year, which is almost twice the size of White Hart Lane (36,000). In terms of footprint the stadium also is roughly twice the size of its predecessor (43,000 compared to 24,000 m2). But in terms of floor space it's four times the size, reaching 120,000 m2, spread across 9 levels. It's thus no wonder that over 60 catering points were fitted inside, including the longest bar in Europe (65m) or another bar with its own microbrewery. And that's just a piece of what regular fans have on offer, the hospitality areas are a story of their own...
Construction of a stadium that large had to take long, as if the prolonged waiting wasn't enough to test Spurs fans' patience. Enabling works on the northern part were launched back in 2014, sped up in 2015 as the compulsory purchase order for last landowners came. Inauguration was then expected in early fall of 2018, some 3 years of first major works. That deadline was missed a few times, however, seeing opening only in April of 2019. It also didn't go perfectly in terms of budget. Initially expected to cost some £400, the stadium saw final price tag possibly double (reaching some £1 billion with secondary facilities), however Spurs never revealed the detailed price tag for the stadium alone.
London: Tottenham’s three towers
The most indebted football club in Europe is looking for additional revenue in real estate. Spurs want to increase the number of apartments built next to the stadium by over 300. Consultation on the scheme ends in a week.
European Super League: What could change stadium-wise?
Earthquake of historic proportions or a failed attempt at secession? Europe’s top club are attempting to flee UEFA’s supervision and no longer share revenue from international games. Their gain could come at a massive price for others.
United Kingdom: Will they bring football home in 2030 again?
Prime Minister Boris Johnson has recently supported the potential candidacy of the UK and Ireland for the FIFA 2030 World Cup. The formal process for a prospective five-association bid will be opened in 2022.
London: Spurs in serious debt over stadium construction
According to the latest financial analysis, Tottenham Hotspur has more debt than any other European club. The vast majority of that figure is due to the construction of their new stadium, however.
London: Tottenham Stadium growing yet again
It may stand empty but for the third time Tottenham Hotspur Stadium will gain new seats. By all accounts it's the last non-material expansion possible. Once fans are back, they will have 62,850 places to use.
London: Spurs moving forward with northern development
Historical 18-century housing will soon become home to a new creative industry hub, including a major music label. Or so Tottenham Hotspur are hoping, having filed their planning application.
COVID-19 crisis: English supporters to return in October?
The government is preparing to reopen sports stadiums across the UK. While first trial events will take place in just 2 weeks, all stadiums could be open again only from October onwards.
London: Tottenham's immense stadium burden
Each year Spurs will have to put aside £30 million to cover the cost of their new stadium. That would have been manageable in normal circumstances, but 'normal' is no longer here...
Stadium of the Year: Popular Vote 2nd – Tottenham Hotspur Stadium
It's impressive in many ways, but even with the involvement of Spurs fans it didn't reach the top of our Popular Vote. Still, Tottenham Hotspur Stadium proudly takes 2nd place in this year's global vote!
London: Spurs Stadium review - how it feels to visit N17
The longer you must wait for something, the more you will appreciate it when it finally arrives. That is a statement that certainly rung true as far as Tottenham Hotspur’s new stadium is concerned and although its construction caused pain and anguish for many fans, the wait is now finally over.
Stadium of the Year 2019: Meet the 10 Jury Award finalists
Less than half of all candidates remains in the running for the Jury Award. The final 10 contains the expected favourites from London, Moscow and Tokyo but there are also less known stadia from the Philippines and China on the list.
Stadium of the Year 2019: The Popular Vote is officially open!
And we're off! For the next five long weeks we'll be accepting your votes and together we'll be selecting the best stadium opened in 2019. The list isn't long but there's so much to choose from!
New stadium: Our belated star
No, we weren't waiting for Brexit to finally happen, we simply didn't have the photos required to create a presentation worthy of such stadium. But now that it's here, we're really happy how it's presented.
Stadium of the Year 2019: Your time to nominate!
For over a week everyone around the world is eligible to suggest which stadiums opened in 2019 should be included on the list and compete to become Stadium of the Year 2019. Which will those be?