Estadio Azteca (Coloso de Santa Ursula)
|Other names||Estadio Guillermo Cañedo (1997-2007)|
|Construction||08.1962 - 1967|
|Renovations||1986, 1999, 2013|
|Record attendance||132,247 (Julio César Chávez - Greg Haugen, boxing, 20.02.1993)|
|Design||Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, Rafael Mijares Alzérrega|
|Address||Calzada de Tlalpan No. 3465, Col. Santa Ursula|
Description: Estadio Azteca
Construction on site in the suburban Santa Ursula area started in August 1962 with explosives preparing the rocky ground for future bowl (the pitch is 9,5m below ground level). Most of the structure was ready by May 1966, but some parts were delivered over a year later, example of those being completion of the roof. Since then visually the ground hasn’t been altered almost at all, so it still stands as Vázquez i Alzérrega designed it.
Initial capacity was at over 107,000 people, but over time has decreased very slightly to just around 105,000, reaching another low in 2013, when seat replacement brought capacity down to 101,000. Azteca boasts a huge number of private boxes for corporate clients – 856 in total, one of the largest premium zones at any venue globally. Records for various disciplines were set here, like American football (120,000) or boxing (132,247). The latter one still stands as an all-time high for Azteca.
National stadium of Mexico, despite shorter history than many other iconic stadiums, has an immense portfolio for large scale events. Two World Cups and their finals (1970, 1986) and other tournaments: Summer Olympics (1968), Panamerican Games (1975), FIFA Confederations Cup, Gold Cup, Copa Libertadores and hundreds of Mexican football games. Over the years a total of 6 clubs took tenancy of the ground with only the Club América remaining here permanently since 1966.
Apart from sporting events huge concerts were also hosted by Azteca, with the 5-night series by Michael Jackson in 1993 that brought a total of 550,000 people to the stadium. Other performers managed to fill it over the years, as did pope John Paul II in 1999.
Interestingly, the stadium is neither public property, nor is it operated by a sports association. The owner is Televisa media group, one that changed its official name in 1997 to honour its deceased president. However there was a second reason – Estadio Azteca was similar to TV Azteca, Televisa’s competition. So the name change was widely protested and the owner returned to the ‘proper’ naming after a decade.
Mexico: Azteca damaged by earthquake, but only slightly
While it may have looked scary to see one of the stands almost split in half visually, that's just how the stadium deals with earth shaking beneath it.
Mexico: National team unable to fill Azteca
The Mexican national team will not play their last 2018 qualifying match at Estadio Azteca after poor attendance records in all previous fixtures. The game will be played at one of two most modern stadiums in Mexico instead.
Mexico City: Construction for Cruz Azul to begin in late 2017 or early 2018
If the director general of public Instituto del Deporte is to be believed, we're about to see major development on Mexico's latest sports city and the Cruz Azul football stadium at its heart. But are we?
Mexico City: Cruz Azul to relocate to Azteca
From 2018 onwards Cruz Azul will not play at Estadio Azul anymore. The club will return to Mexico’s biggest temple, Estadio Azteca.
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Mexico: Azteca to lose capacity again
No longer 107,000, not even 100,000 or 90,000. The new capacity of Estadio Azteca will fall behind Wembley with 87,000. Instead, the stadium will see revenue boost.
Ranking: New stadiums change football in the Americas
15 most valuable clubs of both Americas represent only 4 countries. But the ranking may have some surprises as new stadiums pull Mexican and US teams forward, leaving Argentinean giants behind.
Mexico: Azteca up for revamp, capacity falls
The legendary stadium in Mexico City will soon celebrate 50 years in operation, but today it’s not as impressive as it used to be. Complex revamp is planned, but largest changes will come outside the building.