|Renovations||1979, 1996, 1999, 2007-2008, 2013-2017|
|Cost||RUB 26.6 billion (2013-2017)|
|Design||SPeeCH, Mosinzhproekt (2013-2017)|
In its initial configuration it was able to host 103,000 people and on a number of occasions was reported to draw crowds well beyond that number. The national stadium in Luzhniki was such a priority for the USSR authorities, that it's erection took priority over a whole district of Moscow, while supplies were imported from all around the Soviet Union.
The single-tiered seating bowl lost a lot of its capacity with the era of individual seats, limiting the capacity to below 80,000. But before that happened, Luzhniki hosted the 1980 Olympics. In the following decade, in 1996, the stadium received its first ever roof. A completely independent structure based on columns outside the stadium was built, elevating the stadium's height and making it even more of a landmark of Moscow.
Olympics aside, the stadium played crucial role to football in USSR and Russia. Numerous clubs have temporarily used it as their home, to name just Spartak, CSKA and Torpedo. Domestic cup finals, Champions League games and, more importantly, international cup finals, like the UEFA Cup of 1999 and CL final of 2008. All it lacked was a World Cup final. Until 2018, that is!
The largest ever reconstruction in the stadium's history took place ahead of the 2018 World Cup. Several variants were under consideration, including demolition of the whole stadium and construction of a futuristic weatherproof arena in its place. Eventually a compromise was found between old and new as Moscow authorities decided to retain the historic walls and existing roof of the stadium. This created a shell under which reconstruction was to take place.
Such move was possible also thanks to FIFA who agreed to lower the minimum capacity requirement from around 90,000 to 80,000. With lower number of seats it became possible to create a brand new seating bowl inside, for the first time in history without a running track. The new layout fits just perfectly, with the uppermost row being placed 37.5m above the field, just under the roof. Eventually almost 81,000 seats were enabled, divided into two large tiers and a thin strip of 102 private boxes between them.
Thanks to the stands being moved closer to the field, vast new infrastructure was created underneath the auditorium. The stadium grew to 6 floors and with floor space of 221,000 m2 it became one of the largest in the world. This created room for extra facilities, like VVIP parking sites under north and south stands, which in turn helped to preserve the green realm around the stadium itself instead of covering it with asphalt.
Change in seating layout forced a change of the roof itself. While all of the old structure was preserved, additional 7,000 m2 of translucent sheets were created around the inner edges to properly protect fans in new front rows. The whole roof received new cladding with lighting installed within it, which makes Luzhniki's roof the largest video screen in Moscow.
Extension of the roof also prompted a change in the field type. Instead of natural (2008-2013), the world's most modern hybrid turf was installed to withstand limited ventilation and sunlight access, as well as harsh Moscow winters.
World Cup games
|Group A||Russia 5–0 Saudi Arabia||78,011||14/06/2018 17:00|
|Group F||Germany 0–1 Mexico||78,011||17/06/2018 17:00|
|Group B||Portugal 1–0 Morocco||78,011||20/06/2018 14:00|
|Group C||Denmark 0–0 France||78,011||26/06/2018 16:00|
|Round of 16||Spain 1–1 (3-4p) Russia||78,011||01/07/2018 16:00|
|Semifinal||Croatia 2-1 England||78,011||11/07/2018 20:00|
|Final||France – Croatia||15/07/2018 17:00|
|18 goals / Avg: 2.6||Total: 546,077 / Avg: 78,011|
Russia 2018: Stadiums almost full, but no record
According to official data the World Cup managed to break 3 million spectators, but we argue that attendance data has been inflated. Even by FIFA's count, it was the smallest World Cup since 2002. Why?
Report: Why is Russia's World Cup so expensive? (Part 2)
Stadia of this year's World Cup on average became a couple times more expensive between proposal and delivery of the actual building. But each case is different: some are commendable, some pathological. Yes, Saint Petersburg, that's about you.
Report: Why is Russia's World Cup so expensive? (Part 1)
When their bid was evaluated by FIFA, Russia pledged to build the 12 host stadiums for $2.8 billion. They ended up with almost $5 billion spent and only because their currency collapsed, causing favourable exchange rates. In rubles the price has actually tripled!
Russia 2018: Your World Cup moments on StadiumDB!
So many fantastic games, festive atmosphere, sell-out crowds and iconic stadiums. And you, at the very heart of the World Cup. You can help us recreate the atmosphere by sharing your photos, which would decorate our tournament section.
Stadium of the Year 2017: Jury Award winner – Luzhniki!
We knew this stadium would be high on the list, but did not see it coming until we saw the votes. Unanimously appreciated by the Jury, here is the latest Stadium of the Year, Luzhniki!
Moscow: Luzhniki ready but without a match
As Russia is preparing to welcome the teams and fans coming for the 2017 Confederations Cup, Moscow's national stadium is now officially ready. That said, no game is planned here until October.
Moscow: Work on time despite arctic weather
Passing week was a very rough one, with temperatures falling even to -30 (-22F). That didn’t stop workers at Luzhniki, where commissioning has begun. Delivery in March is still the plan.
Moscow: All seats at Luzhniki in February
By the end of 2016 there will be some 25,000 seats installed at Russia’s national stadium. To see the final layout with 81,000 seats we have to wait until February.
Moscow: Luzhniki structurally ready, time for the seats
Is this the best possible colour scheme for the 81,000+ seats? It better be, because installation began and is going fast. The field is ready and so is the entire structure, now time for installations and furnishings.
Moscow: Luzhniki to be opened in 2017 after all
Despite earlier announcements of first game in 2016, now official sources suggest the opening match won’t be held until early 2017. Meanwhile we get a grasp of the future leisure hub around Russia’s national stadium.
Moscow: Luzhniki structurally complete
With only minor works ongoing regarding construction, Russia’s largest stadium is shifting focus to systems and furnishings as the project continues to be ahead of schedule.
Moscow: Luzhniki to return to glory soon
Renovation of the historic façade is well underway and installation of the field will begin this summer. By year end we’ll see the legendary Russian stadium in full glory again.
Moscow: Check out the reinvented Luzhniki
Nearly all of the main structure is ready and you can clearly see the changed seating bowl. Now with two tiers and no room for a running track, the stands will soon hold 81,000 seats.
Moscow: 90% of the Luzhniki concrete structure ready
Russia 2018’s final stadium already has 90% of its main concrete structure in place. By year end it will be done, leaving less challenging works for 2016.
Moscow: Luzhniki to become Russia’s Wembley?
After reconstruction is over, Russian national stadium will become the site of most prestigious matches, including domestic cup final. Avoiding white elephant status may be difficult, though.
Moscow: Luzhniki to be worth €350 million
Works on Russia’s national stadium are constantly ahead of schedule by 2-3 months. The cost can only be estimated at this point, currently expected to be around €350 million.
Moscow: Luzhniki to turn into one giant screen
The existing roof may have been preserved during construction, but it will soon gain a new use. 39,000 square meters of dynamic illuminations will allow people across Moscow to see the game.
Moscow: Luzhniki ahead of schedule, prepared for earlier delivery
1,500 people are working day and night to speed up works at Russia’s national stadium. It was the contractor’s choice in the wake of Russia’s economic instability.
Moscow: „Luzhniki among the world’s cheapest”
Now that’s a bold statement for a stadium expected to cost $700 million. But deputy mayor of Moscow assures there’s hardly any cheaper stadium of this kind.
Moscow: Luzhniki ahead of schedule
FIFA is very satisfied, because Russia’s national stadium redevelopment is ahead of schedule. In spring of 2017 the RUB 19 billion giant is to be reopened with completely new infrastructure.