Stade de France
|6000 (VIP seats)|
|Inauguration||28.01.1998 (France - Spain 1-0)|
|Construction||05.1995 - 12.1997|
|Rcord attendance||81,100 (France - Algeria, 20.03.2010)|
|Cost||€ 364 mln|
|Design||Michel Macary, Aymeric Zublena, Regembal Michel, Claude Costantini|
|Address||Zac du Cornillon Nord, 93200 Saint-Denis|
Stade de France – stadium description
Opened by president Jacques Chirac in late January 1998, the Stade de France is the largest venue of the country and holder of many records, including international ones. Since 1998 it played host to attendance-record rugby games and the most attended 2nd league game domestically (Red Star – St. Etienne in 1999 with over 48,000 tickets sold). Most importantly however it is the only venue in the world to host a World Cup final in both football (1998) and rugby (1999). Then come Champions League final and soon Euro 2016 final as well.
Designed by renown architects Macary and Zublena, the ground has a very distinctive roof – its most unique feature. Supported by just 46 slender columns the steel construction weighs a massive 13,000 tons, which equals 1,5 Eiffel Tower. It hangs 46 meters above the pitch and from the outside seems to levitate like a flying saucer. The flat roof follows the elliptic shape of athletics track, meaning to symbolize the universal character of sport.
Under the impressive roof are three tiers of seating with capacity depending on event. Lowest of the tiers is retractable, enabling for football/rugby-configuration or an athletic one. Changing from one to another takes about 80 hours and decreases capacity of this level from 25,000 to some 20,000. That means capacity for football stands at 81,338 and around 75,000 for athletics events. Largest crowds gather at concerts, though. Capacity then is at around 90,000, but record for a U2 gig stands at over 96,000. Due to frequent events involving spectators on the pitch, grass is relayed several times a year.
That seems to be a necessity however, as the stadium needs extra funding due to lack of anchor tenants. No club plays there, so the French government pays an annual subsidy for the ground to operate. Other sources of income are largest football and rugby events and of course concerts, with track and field bringing less profits.
first redevelopment took place in 2006 with new giant screens being the most distinctive part of the works. Another will be happening before Euro 2016 which will bring yet another cup final to the stadium.
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Champions League final moved to Paris
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Paris: Courts refuse reimbursement for loss during Euro 2016
Consortium running Stade de France fought for over 4 years in courts, claiming damages of almost €7.5 million due to the hosting of Euro 2016. No use, even the highest tribunal refused to agree.
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Paris: Stade de France for sale?
French prime minister rejects the option of spending €450 million on upgrades to Stade de France. Instead, a fraction will be spent before the 2024 Olympics and in 2025 the stadium should be ceded to a new private operator.
Paris: Major revamp at Stade de France?
Investment may cost far more than initial construction cost as the largest ever upgrades are considered for Stade de France. Larger and more modern, the venue would be time-proofed for 2-3 further decades just in time for the 2024 Olympics.
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