Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho (Maracanã)
|City||Rio de Janeiro|
|Clubs||CR Flamengo, Botafogo FR, Fluminense FC, CR Vasco da Gama|
|Construction||02.08.1948 - 1965|
|Renovations||1999-2000, 2005-2007, 2010-2013|
|Cost||R$ 1.14 billion (2010-2013)|
|Record attendance||199 854 (Brazil - Urugway 1-2, 16.06.1950)|
|Design||Waldir Ramos, Raphael Galvão, Miguel Feldman, Oscar Valdetaro, Pedro Paulo B. Bastos, Orlando Azevedo, Antônio Dias Carneiro (1948), Fernandes Arquitectos Associados (2010)|
|Address||Avenida Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro (RJ) - CEP 20.271-110|
After announcement that Brazil will host 1950 World Cup, state authorities of Rio de Janeiro decided to fund a new central stadium for the whole regional. In 1947 tenders were launched and design be seven local architects was chosen, meaning Rio would go for a nearly circular stadium. As for location, site of a horse racing ground in the Maracanã district was selected, not without opposition that surrounded plans for the stadium from the beginning.
Construction works started in August 1942, but quickly started to fall behind schedule despite FIFA sending a European expert to help conduct the project. In June 1950, on opening day, the ground was far from ready, lacking basic infrastructure like toilets and with scaffolding in spectator areas. Despite the circumstances first several games have drawn massive crowds, rarely falling below 100,000 people. Largest one was the World Cup final in which Brazil was facing Uruguay in front of 199,854 people. Some say the number was even greater, there is also gossip that when Brazil lost, people were jumping from the high scaffolds, committing suicide. Crowds far over the 150,000 took place throughout the following decade during Brazil's internationals or Rio de Janeiro's Flamengo – Fluminense derbies.
Ironically, the ground was only finished in 1965, meaning the construction process took 17 years and is among the longest in sports architecture. A year after works were done Mário Rodrigues Filho passed away. This journalist was among the most vibrant supporters of the stadium back in 1940's and is seen as the one without whom Maracanã might not have been built. For that reason soon after his death it was announced the stadium will take his name, though to date it is most commonly referred to as just Maracanã.
Over decades an astonishing list of large events took place here, starting with most important football games, both domestic and international. When being selected to host 2014 World Cup final it became one of only two stadia worldwide to host this prestigious game twice. Then came announcement that opening and closing ceremonies of the 2016 Summer Olympics will also happen here, making Maracanã the only stadium for such ceremonies without an athletics track. Apart from these tournaments there were national finals, massive volleyball games, Panamerican ceremonies, papal visits and some of the World's largest concerts with audiences of not much below 200,000 people (Frank Sinatra, Tina Turner, Rolling Stones, The Police and many more).
In 1992 a piece of the upper tier terrace fell down, killing 2 people and wounding over 50. For this reason seats were installed to decrease crowd congestion, first in the upper tier (1990's) and then also in the lower one (2006). Capacity started falling until it ended up with no seat during the 2010-2013 revamp. For the first time large parts of the stadium were dismantled as they proved unstable during renovation led before 2014 World Cup. Most significantly the concrete roof was taken down (to be replaced by membrane) along with some 70% of the stands.
Works caused numerous controversies and opponents emphasized that parts of limited value were preserved – the stadium was listed as national heritage monument for its cultural value, not architectural. Meanwhile, along with revamping authorities also removed indigenous museum from the stadium and decided to privatise it for the first time, inciting protests.
Works were carried out with significant delays and cost $500 million, a lot more than initially planned.
Przed 2010 / Pre 2010:
Rio de Janeiro: Legend shamed, look at Maracanã
It’s just three years after a lavish and controversial redevelopment and Brazil’s most famous stadium is now looking shockingly bad. And no-one wants to admit guilt.
Rio de Janeiro: Will Flamengo abandon Maracanã and build their own stadium?
They had to relocate outside Rio for the duration of this year’s Olympics. Now Flamengo may be considering a permanent move away from the stadium, if they decide to build their own ground.
USA: All-time record for the smaller football
On Saturday American football celebrated by far the largest crowd in history. Still far behind association football, the American branch seems to be the only one still growing in crowd size.
New section: Meet the world’s 20 biggest stadiums!
You’ve seen too many rankings like this? No, you haven’t, or so says your survey feedback. We decided to step up and present a permanent list of the largest football stadiums around the world!
Brazil: Only 16 stadiums ranked above average
Brazilian sports ministry ranked 155 football stadia across the country, giving them notes of 1-5 stars. Just 16 venues were given 4-5 stars, while 88 were ranked 1-2.
Rio 2016: Meet the Olympic venues
As we’re just hours away from the opening ceremony, here are the stadiums hosting Olympic football and many more events!
Rio de Janeiro: Maracanã cost inflated by 17%
As the Olympics are near one scandal after another is hitting Rio de Janeiro. This time it’s a dated case from a few years back. Contractors are accused of artificially inflating the cost of Maracanã.
Brazil: Record World Cup attendance (theoretically)
The World Cup was seen live from the stands by almost 3,43 million people. Or so says FIFA, who haven’t disclosed actual number of viewers, sharing only number of distributed tickets.
Report: How much did Brazil spend on World Cup stadiums?
Cost overruns and ‘white elephant’ fears are a frequent title lately. But reality isn’t black and white – Brazilian stadiums are hardly the most expensive ever and some seem to be a really good deal for the taxpayers.
World Cup: Brazil’s games quite exclusive
Starting value of average matchday ticket is half of what many Brazilians earn. No surprise that 90% of locals attending World Cup matches are from two richest social groups and are almost never black.
World Cup: Your matchday photos matter!
As with every mega event covered at StadiumDB.com, we reach out to our Users present on location. If you were lucky enough to get a ticket, have photos of local stadiums and would like to share any – this message is for you.
Rio de Janeiro: Wobbly staircase raises concerns
A fan-made video clip shows how temporary staircase structure sways from side to side under hundreds of people. As disturbing as it is, some media outlets persistently claim the structure is at Maracana. Well, it’s not.
World Cup: All stadiums tested, no serious incidents
Some may argue that safety infractions happened, that stadiums aren’t ready. But in all fairness Brazil is proving to be a great host for tourists. And if Japanese fans cleaning litter make headlines, nothing serious is going wrong, eh?
Rio de Janeiro: Nervous attempts to prepare Maracana’s field
In just two weeks the stadium will host its first World Cup game. A month later it’ll witness the final. Meanwhile, intensive use over the past weeks severely challenged its field’s quality.
Rio de Janeiro: Maracanã losing big money
Redeveloped for over 1 billion reais, Brazil’s largest stadium has had a difficult first year. Though the loss was expected, its size is very significant at over $20 million.
Stadium of the Year 2013: Last 24 hours to vote
It’s been exactly 30 days since we started the Stadium of the Year competition. Now we enter the final 24 hours of the vote. If you haven’t selected your favourites, now is the time!
There was no game bigger than the one in Rio de Janeiro, at least officially. There was no other stadium able to hold almost 200,000 people while under construction! And finally, there was no other stadium of the 2014 World Cup that raised so many doubts…
Stadium of the Year 2013: Let the vote begin!
It's time to start the selection process. For the next month you can thoroughly review all candidates and make your move, selecting 2013's Stadium of the Year. The world's largest open competition of this kind begins now!
Stadium of the Year 2013: Time to nominate!
Just like every year, we invite you to propose nominees before the Stadium of the Year vote begins. We created an initial list of eligible stadiums, but count on you to suggest more, if you think we missed any worthy building.